Document Type

Article

Department/Program

Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Publication Date

2015

Journal

MARINE AND COASTAL FISHERIES

Volume

7

Issue

1

First Page

393

Last Page

408

Abstract

Models that account for sex-specific behavior and population dynamics are becoming more common in the stock assessment of sexually dimorphic fishes. However, such models can be data intensive and require some knowledge or assumptions about the sex ratio of fishery landings. A recent stock assessment review of Summer Flounder Paralichthys dentatus identified the need to account for sex-specific fishing mortality in the assessment model; however, no data on the sex composition of the catch were available. Fishery-independent, sex-specific information for this species is collected annually by the National Marine Fisheries Service's Northeast Fisheries Science Center during their bottom trawl survey. Sex at age from the survey could be applied to the fishery landings if the probability of landing a given sex at a given age is equivalent for fish collected by the survey and those in the landings. To generate the first regionally comprehensive database on the sex ratio of Summer Flounder landings and to determine the efficacy of using survey sex-at-age keys to estimate the sex of landed fish, we recorded the sex composition of the commercial and recreational catches of Summer Flounder (n = 31,912) in 2010 and 2011. When (1) trawl survey length data were left-truncated to simulate the minimum retention sizes in the fisheries and (2) age-length keys generated from fishery-dependent data were applied to length frequency distributions from the survey to simulate the growth rates of landed fish, the sex-at-age pattern in the survey-derived data closely resembled the patterns in the catch. However, statistically significant differences in sex at age remained between the catch and the survey-derived data. We hypothesize that these differences are attributable to differences in the spatiotemporal distributions of the sexes and of the survey and fishing effort.

DOI

10.1080/19425120.2015.1067261

Keywords

PLAICE HIPPOGLOSSOIDES-PLATESSOIDES; STRUCTURED ASSESSMENT METHOD; MARLIN MAKAIRA-NIGRICANS; NORTH PACIFIC-OCEAN; INDUCED EVOLUTION; AMERICAN PLAICE; STOCK ASSESSMENT; XIPHIAS-GLADIUS; SOUTHERN GULF; ST-LAWRENCE

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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