Document Type



Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Publication Date



This study describes the most extensive effort to characterize the chemistry, toxicology and community of the sediments of the Mattaponi and Pamunkey Rivers. This was accomplished using a study design modified to expand the number of stations occupied by reducing the cost of analyses by compositing replicate samples collected from each study site rather than performing toxicity tests on these samples individually. In previous studies, the variability in field replicate samples was equivalent to the variability in laboratory replicates. This design has long been used to analyze samples for various chemical contaminants as a cost savings endeavor. More ....


Final Report to Virginia Department of Environmental Quality.


Water -- Pollution -- Virginia -- Virginia Peninsula; River sediments -- Virginia -- Virginia Peninsula -- Analysis; Environmental toxicology -- Virginia -- Virginia Peninsula