Date Thesis Awarded


Document Type

Honors Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelors of Arts (BA)


Modern Languages


Yanfang Tang

Committee Member

Craig N. Canning

Committee Member

Eric Han


Ever since the execution of the heroic Song Dynasty general Yue Fei by the "archetypical traitor" Qin Hui, the epithet hanjian ("Han traitor" or "traitor to China") has persisted as one of the most damning in the Chinese language. However, there has been no overarching study of the term's development in English-language scholarship. This paper describes the various groups that have been described as hanjian since the nineteenth century and examines the ethnic, political, and national issues that these "traitors to China" reveal.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.


Thesis is part of Honors ETD pilot project, 2008-2013. Migrated from Dspace in 2016.