Date Thesis Awarded

4-2017

Document Type

Honors Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelors of Arts (BA)

Department

History

Advisor

Julie Richter

Committee Member

Paul Mapp

Committee Member

Giulia Pacini

Abstract

Although now among the most recognizable soldiers in the British Army, Scottish Highlanders were once regarded with suspicion and hostility. A number of clans revolted against the king in 1745-1746, and this act was punished severely with the proscription of Highland dress and weapons. Yet only one decade later, as the British government faced a critical shortage of troops in the French and Indian War, it decided to create two new Highland regiments and enlarge a third for service in North America. Men from formerly rebellious clans enlisted in droves, later showing themselves to be among the king’s best soldiers. They also sustained higher casualties than any other regiments largely because of English misconceptions about their actual abilities. Those who survived helped create some of the first emigrant Highland communities in North America and once again proved among the king's loyalist soldiers in the Revolutionary War.

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